OHBA SEMINAR SERIES
Professor Dimitri Van De Ville (EPFL / Genève)
Monday, 06 June 2016, 2pm to 3pm
Department of Psychiatry Seminar Room
Hosted by email@example.com
Unravelling crosstalk in the brain sheds new light on its functional organization
Abstract: Dynamics of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provide a new window onto the organizational principles of brain function. Using state-of-the-art sparsity-driven deconvolution [1,2], we extract innovation-driven co-activation patterns (iCAPs) from resting-state fMRI . The iCAPs' maps are spatially overlapping and their activity-inducing signals temporally overlapping. Decomposing resting-state fMRI in terms of iCAPs reveals the rich spatiotemporal structure of functional components that dynamically assemble known resting-state networks. The temporal overlap between iCAPs is substantial, which confirms crosstalk happening at the fMRI timescale; on average, three to four iCAPs occur simultaneously in specific combinations that are consistent with their behaviour profiles according to BrainMap. Intriguingly, in contrast to conventional connectivity analysis, which suggests a negative correlation between fluctuations in the default-mode network (DMN) and task-positive networks, we instead find evidence for two DMN-related iCAPs consisting the posterior cingulate cortex that differentially interact with the attention network. These findings illustrate how conventional correlational approaches might be misleading in terms of how task-positive and -negative networks interact, and suggest that more detailed, dynamical decompositions can give more accurate descriptions of functional components of spontaneous activity.