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The brain is capable of producing coordinated fast changing neural dynamics across multiple brain regions in order to adapt to rapidly changing environments. However, it is non-trivial to identify multiregion dynamics at fast sub-second time-scales in electrophysiological data. We propose a method that, with no knowledge of any task timings, can simultaneously identify and describe fast transient multiregion dynamics in terms of their temporal, spectral and spatial properties. The approach models brain activity using a discrete set of sequential states, with each state distinguished by its own multiregion spectral properties. This can identify potentially very short-lived visits to a brain state, at the same time as inferring the state's properties, by pooling over many repeated visits to that state. We show how this can be used to compute state-specific measures such as power spectra and coherence. We demonstrate that this can be used to identify short-lived transient brain states with distinct power and functional connectivity (e.g., coherence) properties in an MEG data set collected during a volitional motor task.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.11.047

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuroimage

Publication Date

01/02/2016

Volume

126

Pages

81 - 95

Keywords

Bayesian modelling, Coherence, MEG, Multitaper, Partial directed coherence, Sign ambiguity, Spectral estimation, Transient connectivity, multivariate autoregressive model, Adult, Brain Waves, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Female, Functional Neuroimaging, Humans, Magnetoencephalography, Male, Models, Theoretical, Motor Activity, Motor Cortex, Young Adult