Amyloid imaging in cognitively normal older adults: comparison between (18)F-flutemetamol and (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B.
Adamczuk K., Schaeverbeke J., Nelissen N., Neyens V., Vandenbulcke M., Goffin K., Lilja J., Hilven K., Dupont P., Van Laere K., Vandenberghe R.
PURPOSE: Preclinical, or asymptomatic, Alzheimer's disease (AD) refers to the presence of positive AD biomarkers in the absence of cognitive deficits. This research concept is being applied to define target populations for clinical drug development. In a prospective community-recruited cohort of cognitively intact older adults, we compared two amyloid imaging markers within subjects: (18)F-flutemetamol and (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B (PIB). METHODS: In 32 community-recruited cognitively intact older adults aged between 65 and 80 years, we determined the concordance between binary classification based on (18)F-flutemetamol versus (11)C-PIB according to semiquantitative assessment (standardized uptake value ratio in composite cortical volume, SUVRcomp) and, alternatively, according to visual reads. We also determined the correlation between (18)F-flutemetamol and (11)C-PIB SUVR and evaluated how this was affected by the reference region chosen (cerebellar grey matter versus pons) and the use of partial volume correction (PVC) in this population. RESULTS: Binary classification based on semiquantitative assessment was concordant between (18)F-flutemetamol and (11)C-PIB in 94 % of cases. Concordance of blinded binary visual reads between tracers was 84 %. The Spearman correlation between (18)F-flutemetamol and (11)C-PIB SUVRcomp with cerebellar grey matter as reference region was 0.84, with a slope of 0.98. Correlations in neocortical regions were significantly lower with the pons as reference region. PVC improved the correlation in striatum and medial temporal cortex. CONCLUSION: For the definition of preclinical AD based on (18)F-flutemetamol, concordance with (11)C-PIB was highest using semiquantitative assessment with cerebellar grey matter as reference region.